Once Rabindra Nath Tagore was asked if he could write an International anthem for the whole world
He said that it has already been written not only international but for the entire universe, in the 16th century by Guru Nanak, in referrence to the Sikh Arti (ceremony of light).
Guru Nanak Sahib meanwhile spontaneously gave words to the wonderful arti which was being hummed by Nature before the invisible altar of God, the creator of this universe.
tarika mandal janak moti,
dhoop malyanlo pavan chavro
kare saal banray phulant joti,
kaisi arti hoye
bhav khandna teri arti.
Anhata Shabad Vajanta bheree
in which the sun and the moon are the diyas (lamps)
The stars and planets in the
constellations are your jewels
The wind, laden with sandal-wood fragrance,
is the celestial fans
All the flowering fields, forests are radiance!
O! What a wonderful Arti, this is!
You, are a destroyer of Fear,
The sound of Your Name, which is so subtle,
that It goes unheard,
Nain hai Tohey kau
Sahas moorat Nana Ik Toh.ee
Sahas Pad Bimal Na na
Ik Pad Gandh bin
Sahas Tav Gandh Iv
Sabh Mah Jot Jot Hai Sohee
Tis Dat Chaanan Sabh Mah Chaanan Hoi
Gur Sakhi Jot Pragat Hoi
Har Charan Kamal Makrand Lobhit Mano
Ana Din Mohey Aayey Pyaasa
Kirpaa Jal Dey Nanak Sarang Kau
Hoi Jaatey Terey nai Vaasa
Jo Tis Bhaavey So Aarti Hoi
And you have none…
I am charmed !
Your Light enlightens all !
It is by the Grace of the Guru that the real Light
What pleases the Almighty is this Aarti (Creation)
I yearn for Your Lotus feet, Night and day,
Nanak is like the thirsty bird that asks,
For a drop of water, From You O Lord !
That drop (Grace) will make Nanak find comfort,
In the uttering of Your Name.
The Aarti was further appended by the
verses of BhagatRavi Das…
Har Kay Naam Bina Joothey Sagal Pasaarey
Naam Tero Aasno Naam Tero Ursaa
Naam Tero Kesro Lay Chhitkaarey
Naam Tera Ambhula Naam Tero Chandno
Ghas Japey Naam Lay Tujahee Kau Chaarey
Naam Tera Deeva Naam Tera Baatee
Naam Tero Tel Lai , Maahee Pasaarey
Naam Terey Kee Jyot Lagaayee
Bhaiyaa Ujiyaaro Bhavan Saglaarey
Naam Teraa Taagaa Naam Phul Maalaa
Bhaar Athaarah Sagala Joothaarey
Tero Keeyaa Tujhahee kyaa arpau
Naam Tera Tuhee Chavar Dhulaarey
Das Atha Atha Sathey Chaarey Khaanee
Ehay Vartan Hai Sagal Sansaare
Kahay Ravdaas Naam Tero Aartee
Sat Naam Har Bhog Tuhaarey
Your name is the Flower, the saffron, and the sandalwood
That is offered to You.
Your Name is the (Deeya)
The Lamp, the oil and the cotton
That is lighted in it.
With the Light that Your Name gives out,
The whole world is brightened.
Your Name is the Thread and Your Name is also
The Flowers that are strung into that thread.
All that I offer to You is Yours.
Your Name is the flywhisk, that you use,
The (Chant of Your) True Name,
We offer to You,
All is false except Your Name !
The glory of the Arti was further enriched
with the addition of the verses of Sant Sain, who
too was a mystic saint of humble origins. He was
a barber in the court of Raja Ram, the King of Rewa.
What is the best Arti or form of adoration
of the Lord is the theme of Sain’s verses
incorporated in the Gum Granth Sahib. According
to Sain singing of God’s praise and meditating
constitute the highest worship.
Vaarney Jaau Kamlapati
Mangalaa Har Mangalaa
Nit Mangal Raaja Raam Raaiko
Uttam Deeyaraa Nirmal Baatee
Toohee Niranjana Kamlaapati
Raam Bhagat Raamaananda Jaaney
Pooran Paramaananda Bakhaaney
Madana Moorata Bhay Taarey Govindey
Sain Bhanay Bhaj Paramaananda
And the fragrance of the incense.
All is Auspicious.
Thou art the Supreme and Pure Light.
Thou art the Lord of the Goddess of Wealth.
My obeisance to Thee.
And to the Lord Rama, Beautiful Govinda,
Who is described as Replete Pure Bliss !
Sain prays to Thee, Who obliterates all Fear.
the Arti was further illuminated by incorporating the words of Saint Kabir…
AdhPati Aadee Samaayee
Sidh Samaadhee Anta Naheen Paayaa
Laagee Rahey Samaayee
Leho Aartee Ho Purakh Niranjan
Satguru Poojo Bhaai
Thaada Brahmaa Nigam Bichaarey
Alakh Na Lakhiyaa Jaayee
Tat Tel Naam Keeyaa Baatee
Deepak Deh Ujiyaaraa
Jyot Laayee Jagadeesha Jagaaiyaa
Boojhey Boojhana Haaraa
Panchey Sabada Anaahada Baajey
Sangey Saaringa Paanee
Kabeer Daas Teree Aartee Keenee
The Greatest of Yogis have not been able to
Those who worship the unmanifest,
Fail to realise You.
Even though they have persevered in their quest.
Your Name resounds unheard (By the worldly)
And only He can hear (On who Your Grace
descends) Pray to Your Satguru! Almighty Lord!
Accept the Aarti, with the oil lit with the Chant of
Your Name, By You, the Lord of the Universe!
Kabirdas performs the Aarti of the ‘Beyond
Description’ and the ‘Without Form’
Bhagat Dhanna was a simple Jat farmer
from Rajasthan from whose works the following
lines were added to the Arti.
Jo Jan Teree Bhagat Karantey
Tin Key Kaaj Sanvaartaa
Dal Seedhaa Maangau Ghee
Hamraa Khusee Karey Nit Jee
Pania Chaadan Neekaa
Gau Bhais Maangau Laaveree
Ik Taajana Turee Changeree
Ghar Kee Geehanee Changee
Jan Dhanaa Levey Mangee
Gopaal Tera Aartaa
Hey Dayaal Teraa Aartaa
You grant the wishes of those who worship You!
I ask for my basic sustenance (food, oil, lentils, good
Which makes me feel fulfilled.
I also pray for a good wife, good clothes, good grain,
ahorse, a cow…
The final touches to this great composition were
given by none other than the tenth Guru Gobind
Bhayey Haiti Mahaa Muni
Devan Key Tap Mein Sukh Paavey
Jag Karey Ik Ved Rarey
Bhav Taap Harey
Mili Dhyaan Hi Laavey
Jhaalar Taal Mrudanga Upanga
Sur Saaj milaavey
Kinnar Gandharva Gaana Karey
Gani Jachha Upachhara Nirata Dikhaavey
Sankhana kee Dhunee Ghantan kee Kari
Phoolan Kee Barkhaa Barsaavey
Aartee Kot Karey Sur Sunder
Pekh Purandar Key Bali Jaavey
Daanatee Dachhan Dey Key Pradachhan
Bhaal Mein Kum Kum Achhan Laavey
Hot Kulaahal DevPuree mil Devan KeyKuli Mangal
Aisey Chand Partaap Tey Devan Badhyo Prataap
Teen Lok Jai Jai Karey Rarei Naam Sat Jaap
Sagal Dwaar Ko Chaad Key Gahyo Tumhaaro Dwaar
Baanh Gahey Kee Laaj Rakh Govind Daas Tuhaar
Aagya Bhayee Akaal Kee Tabhee Chalaayo Panth
Sabh Sikhan Ko Hukum Hai Guru Maaniyo Granth
Guru Granth Jee Maaniyo Pragat Guraa Kee Deh
Jaa Kaa Hirdaa Shudh hai Khoj Shabad Mei Leih
Vaanee Guru Guru Hai Baanee Vich Baanee Amrit
Gurbaanee Kahey Sevak Jan Maaney Partakh Guru
recitation of the Scriptures, Meditation, music, dance
of the Celestial Beings, adorned with vermilion,
various musical instruments, Ringing of bells and the
showering of flowers, and the tune of the Aarti . The
cosmic worlds rejoice and chant the Divine Name.
I have come to Your door-step O Lord, having left the
world behind, Protect me, I am in Your service.
Because of the Lord’s command, this order (Sikhism)
Came into being.
The Sikhs are urged to believe that the Granth is the
Guru manifest, Whoever is pure in heart, will find the
answers within the words of the Guru Granth Sahib.
Its words are the Guru, and the Guru is in the Guru
Granth’ s Utterings,
And within the words is the nectar (Of knowledge)
And the words urge disciples to believe in the Guru!