Series 3, Chapter 14 - Gita Translation - The Three Gunas
1. The Blessed Lord said: I will again declare the supreme Knowledge, the highest of all knowings, which having known, all the sages have gone hence to the highest perfection.
2. Having taken refuge in this knowledge and become of like nature and law of being with Me, they are not born in the creation, nor troubled by the anguish of the universal dissolution.
3. My womb is the Mahat Brahman; into that I cast the seed; thence spring all beings, O Bharata.
4. Whatever forms are produced in whatsoever wombs, O Kaunteya, the Mahat Brahman is their womb, and I am the Father who casts the seed.
5. The three gunas born of Prakriti, Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas bind in the body, O great-armed one, the imperishable dweller in the body.
6. Of these Sattwa is by the purity of its quality a cause of light and illumination, and by virtue of that purity produces no disease or morbidity or suffering in the nature: it binds by attachment to knowledge and attachment to happiness, O sinless one.
7. Rajas, know thou, has for its essence attraction of liking and longing; it is a child of the attachment of the soul to the desire of objects; O Kaunteya, it binds the embodied spirit by attachment to works.
8. But Tamas, know thou, born of ignorance, is the deluded of all embodied beings; it binds by negligence, indolence and sleep, O Bharata.
9. Sattwa attaches to happiness, rajas to action, O Bharata; tamas covers up the knowledge and attaches to negligence of error and inaction.
10. Now sattwa leads, having overpowered rajas and tamas, O Bharata; now rajas, having overpowered sattwa and tamas; and now tamas, having overpowered sattwa and rajas.
11. When into all the doors in the body there comes a flooding of light, a light of understanding, perception and knowledge, one should understand that there has been a great increase and uprising of the sattwic guna in the nature.
12. Greed, seeking impulsions, initiative of actions, unrest, desire - all this mounts in us when rajas increases.
13. Nescience, inertia, negligence and delusion - these are born when tamas predominates, O joy of the Kurus.
14. If sattwa prevails when the embodied goes to dissolution, then he attains to the spotless worlds of the knowers of the highest principles.
15. Going to dissolution when rajas prevails, he is born among those attached to action; if dissolved during the increase of tamas, he is born in the wombs of beings involved in nescience.
16. It is said the fruit of works rightly done is pure and sattwic; pain is the consequence of rajasic works, ignorance is the result of tamasic action.
17. From sattwa knowledge is born, and greed from rajas; negligence and delusion are of tamas, and also ignorance.
18. They rise upwards who are in sattwa; those in rajas remain in the middle; the tamasic, those enveloped in ignorance and inertia, the effect of the lowest quality, go downwards.
19. When the seer perceives that the modes of Nature are the whole agency and cause of works and knows and turns to That which is supreme above the gunas, he attains to mad-bhava (the movement and status of the Divine).
20. When the soul thus rises above the three gunas born of the embodiment in Nature, he is freed from subjection to birth and death and their concomitants, decay, old age and suffering, and enjoys in the end the Immortality of its self-existence.
21. Arjuna said: What are the signs of the man who has risen above the three gunas, O Lord? What is his action and how does he surmount the gunas?
22. The Blessed Lord said: He, O Pandava, who does not abhor or shrink from the operation of enlightenment (the result of rising sattwa) or impulsion to works (the result of rising rajas) or the clouding over of the mental and nervous being (the result of rising tamas), nor longs after them, when they cease.
23. He who, established in a position as of one seated high above, is unshaken by the gunas; who seeing that it is the gunas that are in process of action stands apart immovable.
24-25. He who regards happiness and suffering alike, gold and mud and stone as of equal value, to whom the pleasant and the unpleasant, praise and blame, honour and insult, the faction of his friends and the faction of his enemies are equal things; who is steadfast in a wise imperturbable and immutable inner calm and quietude; who initiates no action (but leaves all works to be done by the gunas of Nature) - he is said to be above the gunas.
26. He also who loves and strives after Me with an undeviating love and adoration, passes beyond the three gunas and he too is prepared for becoming the Brahman.
27. I (the Purushottama) am the foundation of the silent Brahman and of Immortality and imperishable spiritual existence and of the eternal dharma and of an utter bliss of happiness.
Series1 Chapter1 - Series 1 - Our Demand and Need from the Gita
Series1 Chapter2 - Series 1 - The Divine Teacher
Series1 Chapter3 - Series 1 - The Human Disciple
Series1 Chapter4 - Series 1 - The Core of the Teaching
Series1 Chapter5 - Series 1 - Kurukshetra
Series1 Chapter6 - Series 1 - Man and the Battle of Life
Series1 Chapter7 - Series 1 - The Creed of the Aryan Fighter
Series1 Chapter8 - Series 1 - Sankhya and Yoga
Series1 Chapter9 - Series 1 - Sankhya, Yoga and Vedanta
Series1 Chapter10 - Series 1 - The Yoga of the Intelligent Will
Series1 Chapter11 - Series 1 - Works and Sacrifice
Series1 Chapter12 - Series 1 - The Significance of Sacrifice
Series1 Chapter13 - Series 1 - The Lord of the Sacrifice
Series1 Chapter14 - Series 1 - The Principle of Divine Works
Series1 Chapter15 - Series 1 - The Possibility and Purpose of Avatarhood
Series1 Chapter16 - Series 1 - The Process of Avatarhood
Series1 Chapter17 - Series 1 - The Divine Birth and Divine Works
Series1 Chapter18 - Series 1 - The Divine Worker
Series1 Chapter19 - Series 1 - Equality
Series1 Chapter20 - Series 1 - Equality and Knowledge
Series1 Chapter21 - Series 1 - The Determinism of Nature
Series1 Chapter22 - Series 1 - Beyond the Modes of Nature
Series1 Chapter23 - Series 1 - Nirvana and Works in the World
Series1 Chapter24 - Series 1 - The Gist of the Karmayoga
Series2 Chapter1 - Series 2 - The Two Natures
Series2 Chapter2 - Series 2 - The Synthesis of Devotion and Knowledge
Series2 Chapter3 - Series 2 - The Supreme Divine
Series2 Chapter4 - Series 2 - The Secret of Secrets
Series2 Chapter5 - Series 2 - The Divine Truth and Way
Series2 Chapter6 - Series 2 - Works, Devotion and Knowledge
Series2 Chapter7 - Series 2 - The Supreme Word of the Gita
Series2 Chapter8 - Series 2 - God in Power of Becoming
Series2 Chapter9 - Series 2 - The Theory of the Vibhuti
Series2 Chapter10 - Series 2 - The Vision of the World-Spirit - Time the Destroyer
Series2 Chapter11 - Series 2 - The Vision of the World-Spirit - The Double Aspect
Series2 Chapter12 - Series 2 - The Way and the Bhakta
Series2 Chapter13 - Series 2 - The Field and its Knower
Series2 Chapter14 - Series 2 - Above the Gunas
Series2 Chapter15 - Series 2 - The Three Purushas
Series2 Chapter16 - Series 2 - The Fullness of Spiritual Action
Series2 Chapter17 - Series 2 - Deva and Asura
Series2 Chapter18 - Series 2 - The Gunas, Faith and Works
Series2 Chapter19 - Series 2 - The Gunas, Mind and Works
Series2 Chapter20 - Series 2 - Swabhava and Swadharma
Series2 Chapter21 - Series 2 - Towards the Supreme Secret
Series2 Chapter22 - Series 2 - The Supreme Secret
Series2 Chapter23 - Series 2 - The Core of the Gita's Meaning
Series2 Chapter24 - Series 2 - The Message of the Gita
Series3 Chapter1 - Gita Translation - The Dejection of Arjuna
Series3 Chapter2 - Gita Translation - Sankhyayoga
Series3 Chapter3 - Gita Translation - Karmayoga
Series3 Chapter4 - Gita Translation - Towards The Yoga of Knowledge
Series3 Chapter5 - Gita Translation - The Yoga of Renunciation
Series3 Chapter6 - Gita Translation - The Yoga of The Supreme Spirit
Series3 Chapter7 - Gita Translation - The Yoga of Knowledge
Series3 Chapter8 - Gita Translation - The Immutable Brahman
Series3 Chapter9 - Gita Translation - The King-Knowledge or The King-Secret
Series3 Chapter10 - Gita Translation - God in Power of Becoming
Series3 Chapter11 - Gita Translation - The Vision of The World-Spirit
Series3 Chapter12 - Gita Translation - Bhaktiyoga
Series3 Chapter13 - Gita Translation - The Field and Its Knower
Series3 Chapter14 - Gita Translation - The Three Gunas
Series3 Chapter15 - Gita Translation - The Supreme Divine
Series3 Chapter16 - Gita Translation - Deva and Asura
Series3 Chapter17 - Gita Translation - Faith and The Three Gunas
Series3 Chapter18 - Gita Translation - Renunciation and Moksha